E-governe is the use of ICT- Information and Communication technologies by public administration agencies in political decision making to elicit transparency and accessibility. It has become a fast-spreading policy option in different governments across the globe. Today many countries have or are in the process of formulating national e-government strategies. It has quickly attracted attention as the world moves into the digital age.
ICT use in the Brazilian public administration was initiated in the 1960s by state ICT companies. Throughout the 80s to the 90s, states started slowly adopting computing planning structures as well as coordination on google.com.br. In the new millennium, some cities and states attempted the use of new public computing organization models. They developed projects that would improve services provided for the citizen using ICT and e-democracy. ICT was used to in amplify the practice of democracy and in the management of public policies.
Recently, the municipality of Osasco signed a contract with the Institute for the implementation of the e-governe Educação school management system. ICI will supply computer equipment, install a logical & electrical network and implement a call centre for the Municipal Education Department of the city of São Paulo. This e-governe Education system will cover all the school units in the city, which total 138. The headquarters of the Municipal Education Department and Continuing Education Center will also be covered.
This is advantageous because it ensures the uniqueness, integrity and security of information. It allows access through internet and makes the issuance of management reports in real time possible. It eliminates or minimizes rework because shared reports are made available. Access privileges according to security levels that are defined by system administrators are controlled. The e-Governe system also ensures that there is agility in opening and meeting the units’ demands.
The Brazilian government is working on different projects that will improve citizens’ access and transparency. Citizens will be granted access to different software and documents which will help them build websites enabling interaction with government web portals. A program will be developed that will introduce fast internet coverage to make government online assets easier to access. In addition, a network of systems developed for fulfilling and monitoring electronic purchases will include a suppliers’ database and information about procurement, bidding and information about goods, allowances, transportation tickets, and services.
In order to improve transparency and social control of the resources transferred to states and municipalities, the Brazilian government created the federal government inter-institutional portal. Domain management is yet another project that is in the works. One ambitious public policy is to take digital inclusion to every citizen in the country. It involves efforts like bringing broadband connections to schools and reducing laptop prices to encourage computer ownership. Free software in this domain is the strategy for generating knowledge and intelligence.
Clearly the whole process of adoption of advanced open-government practices has been entirely embraced by the Brazilian Government. Although not fully implemented, it’s a step in the right direction as the technology develops and is made accessible to all citizens.
Read more: Fique Nú e Governe o Mundo | JCC.COM